Mehr als 30 eingerichtete Räume lassen das Mittelalter lebendig werden. Ihre Wohnräume und das Sterbezimmer sind Teil des Rundgangs.So sieht man eine alte Burgküche, die Dürnitz, den Palas, die Waffenhalle, Rittersaal, Burgverlies, Stall, Folterkammer und vieles mehr. In den Jahren 18 lebte die berühmte deutsche Dichterin Annette von Droste-Hülshoff während ihrer Aufenthalte am Bodensee auf der Meersburg. Bei größerem Interesse sind auf Anfrage auch Droste-Führungen möglich. In this way the first month of the intercalated calendar corresponded to the second month of the civil calendar; after another 120 years the first month corresponded to the third month in the civil calendar and so on until the eighth addition, after which intercalation was no longer practiced. The month names of the Persian solar Hejrī calendar were retained without change. xxvii-xlvii), Markwart lowered it to 493-90 (Marquart, p. The five Gathic days were then inserted after the extra month in order to avoid confusion. On 24 Esfand 1354 Š./14 March 1975 the Majles approved a new era based on the supposed year of accession of the first Achaemenid king, Cyrus the Great (559 b.c.); thus, 21 March 1976 became the first day (Nowrūz) of the year 2535 in the Šāhanšāhī era.
296 table), which were shown to be incorrect after A. A list of Old Persian month names (only partial in Old Persian script but complete in Elamite script) is thus available for comparison with the lists in Elamite and Babylonian (see Table 20). The testimony of Quintus Curtius Rufus (3.3.10) (The magi were followed by three hundred and sixty-five young men clad in purple robes, equal in number to the days of a whole year; for the Persians also divided the year into that number of days), referring to the year 333 B. Another problem is posed by the system of intercalation used in the Achaemenid calendar, for which no direct and explicit testimony survives. 74) maintains that the Old Persian calendar followed the same system of intercalation as the Babylonian calendar. Fruin, “Der Anfang des susischen Jahres I: Zur Zeit der elamitischen Könige; II: Zur Zeit der persischen Könige,” . The Arsacid kings followed the same practice, but it appears from material discovered at Nisa (2nd-1st century B. a.d.) that the Zoroastrian solar calendar (see below) was also used. The names of the days are only partly attested (see Boyce, pp. For dates in documents using the Seleucid calendar, see dating. Reconstruction of a calendrical tradition from before the time of Zoroaster is based on hypothetical derivations from Avestan texts and on comparison with the Vedic tradition (see Taqizadeh, 1938, pp. Traces of a synodical cycle have also been transmitted in the Avesta, however (cf. In 1336 Š./1957 the number of days was fixed at 31 days in each of the first six months, 30 each in the next five, and 29 in the last (30 in leap years). In 1906 an attempt was made to resolve the controversy with the adoption of a new calendar similar to the Gregorian. Names of the years in the Central Asian animal cycle (1) Genitive singular. For these sources and the opinion that in Arabia the two months originally fell in a dry period of late spring, see Lane, s.v. The Zoroastrian calendar consisted of twelve months of thirty days each (cf. 175-81, 223-59; Table 22, Table 23), Avestan sources give the names of all thirty days but of only seven of the twelve months (cf. The fraction 31/128 means that each year contains 6, 5; 14, 32 days, close to the previous 6, 5; 14, 33 days. The method of converting dates traditionally given in astronomical handbooks is to reckon the number of days between the date in question and the beginning of the calendar in which it appears and then to translate this figure into the comparable interval in the second calendar (Abdollahy, 1987, pp. For example, to convert a lunar Hejrī date to the corresponding date in the Julian calendar (in use before the Gregorian reform on 16 Ramażān 990 = 22 Mehr 961 Š./4 October 1582), the elapsed complete lunar Hejrī years are multiplied by 354 11/30 (the average number of days in a lunar year) and the elapsed days of the date year (see Table 38) are added; the resulting total of elapsed days is added to the number of days between the beginnings of the two calendars. That the names of the days are of Old Iranian origin and not merely Middle Iranian innovations may be inferred from the fact that they are recorded in their correct Old Iranian genitive singular forms, governed by an understood “day of.” The internal structure of the months has been considered by different scholars to have been quadripartite (Nyberg, 1931, pp. If the remainder is greater than 30, the year is an ordinary year; if not, it is a leap year. The names of the months in the Turkish calendar Table 43. The months in Sangesari (Antonio Panaino, Reza Abdollahy, Daniel Balland) Originally Published: December 15, 1990 Last Updated: December 15, 1990 This article is available in print. 59-139) attempted to establish the central position of Miθra (the fourteenth of twenty-seven days was named Mihr). The months of the solar Hejrī and Šāhanšāhī calendars are named for the ancient Iranian months, first attested in the Arsacid period (see i above; cf. Although the sequence and number of months are identical in all Iranian calendars, the lengths of the months were changed by the reform of 1304 Š./1925. The Julian date corresponding to the first day of the solar Hejrī era is 19 March 622. 916), which was apparently the date arrived at by the Persian commission for calendar reform in 1304 Š./1925. 166) and used in various Iranian calendars up to the present day.