A cultured man, poet, painter and avid patron of the arts, he spent vast sums collecting art, supporting artists, and building a costly imperial garden. The civil service became increasingly corrupt, the army weak, and the treasury bankrupt.The Emperor allied himself with the increasingly powerful Jin (Chin Tarters) of Manchuria to attack and destroy the neighboring Liao Kingdom.(Think of doing all your transactions with only pennies!
In addition, after an emperor died he was given a posthumous name, which often was long enough to read like an entire sentence.
The coin proved quite popular, and continued to be issued in various versions for the next six centuries!
The Sui Dynasty lasted only 37 years, from 581 to 618AD, yet led a major transition in China’s history.
Many recent books use the modern Pinyin transcription.
Thus the emperor who ruled China from 1022 to 1063AD is known as Jen Tsung in the Wade-Giles transcription and Ren Zong in the Pinyin transcription. His reign titles in the Wade-Giles transcription are T'ien-Sheng, Ming-tao, Ching-yu, Pao-yuan, K'ang-ting, Ch'ing-li, Huang-yu, Chih-ho, and Chia-yu.