In response to an advertisement for an acting position, as a young man he said, "I am not white but I am not exactly black either. Due to the patriarchal nature of Arab society, Arab men, including during the slave trade in North Africa, enslaved more black women than men.They used more black female slaves in domestic service and agriculture than males.In South Africa and Latin America, mixed-race people are generally not classified as "black".In other regions such as Australasia, settlers applied the term "black" or it was used by local populations with different histories and ancestral backgrounds.The Romans interacted with and later conquered parts of Mauretania, an early state that covered modern Morocco, western Algeria, and the Spanish cities Ceuta and Melilla during the classical period.The people of the region were noted in Classical literature as Mauri, which was subsequently rendered as Moors in English.
Egyptian President Anwar Sadat had a mother who was a dark-skinned Nubian Sudanese woman and a father who was a lighter-skinned Egyptian.
Numerous communities of dark-skinned peoples are present in North Africa, some dating from prehistoric communities.
Others are descendants of the historical Trans-Saharan trade in peoples and/or, and after the Arab invasions of North Africa in the 7th century, descendants of slaves from the Arab Slave Trade in North Africa. Carlos Moore, resident scholar at Brazil's University of the State of Bahia, in the 21st century Afro-multiracials in the Arab world, including Arabs in North Africa, self-identify in ways that resemble multi-racials in Latin America.
It imposed a system of legal racial segregation, a complex of laws known as apartheid.
The apartheid bureaucracy devised complex (and often arbitrary) criteria in the Population Registration Act of 1945 to determine who belonged in which group.