Muslim forces capture Caesarea, forcing the city's estimated 100,000 Jews to follow the Pact of Omar, which meant they had to pray quietly, not build new synagogues and not prevent Jews from converting to Islam.
The Jews were also forbidden from riding horses and holding judicial or civil posts, and were forced to wear a yellow patch for identification.
The adult Jews of the city are arrested and most are executed after refusing to convert. Jews are sometimes required to wear a badge; sometimes a pointed hat.
King Henry III of England ordered Jewish worship in synagogue to be held quietly so that Christians passing by do not have to hear it.
After a priest was hit with some sand from a few small Jewish boys playing in the street, he insisted that the Jewish community was plotting against him and began a virulent campaign against the city's Jews, resulting in the massacre of thousands and the destruction of the city's synagogue and Jewish cemetery.
King Wenceslaus refused to condemn the act, insisting that the responsibility lay with the Jews for going outside during the Holy Week.
The city's Christian residents convert the synagogue into a church and destroy the Jewish cemetery.
The Bull was withdrawn the following year, alleging that the Jews of Rome attained the Bull by fraud.Cyril, the Bishop of Alexandria, champions violence against the city's Jews and incites the Greeks to kill or expel them.Some Jews return within a few years, but many return only after the Muslims conquer Egypt.Despite the pleas of innocence of Pope Clement VI, the accusations resulted in the destruction of over 60 large and 150 small Jewish communities.Basle burns 600 Jews at the stake and forcibly baptizes 140 children, expelling the city's other Jews.